- About the EOC
- Types of Discrimination
- Categories of Discrimination
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The Equal Opportunity Act 2000 (EOA) prohibits an employer or prospective employer from discriminating against an employee or a prospective employee because of their status and also from discrimination by victimisation whereby the person victimised is less favourably treated that other persons.
How does the EOA protect an employee or a prospective employee?
The EOA protects employees during the course of employment and prospective employees from discrimination, during the application process and even where a person is seeking or undergoing training for any employment.
Section No. 9 of the Act states that an employer shall not discriminate against an employee:-
Section No. 8 of the Act states ‘An employer or prospective employer shall not discriminate’:
i) In the arrangements made for selecting who should be offered employment or
ii) In the terms and conditions in which employment is offered
iii) Nor by refusing or deliberately omitting to make an offer of employment.
Section No. 10 of the Act states ‘Where a person is seeking or undergoing training for any employment, the Act provides that the person shall not be discriminated against:
i) In the terms and conditions in which access is given to any training course or other facilities connected with the training’;
ii) Having their training terminated or being subjected to any detriment during the course of training.
There are however, exceptions to the above and the EOA does not apply to discrimination:
i. in relation to a person’s sex in the case where being of a particular sex is a ‘Genuine Occupational Qualification’;